Regional Geography of [Israel/Jerusalem]


  1. Physical Characteristics
  2. Human Characteristics
  3. Economic Characteristics
  4. References

Physical Characteristics

Relative location: Israel is located in the Middle East which includes 21 countries (World Regional Geography). The western border of Israel is the Mediterranean Sea, the southwest boarder is Egypt, the eastern border is Jordan and the West Bank, to the north is Lebanon and to the north east is Syria. Israel encompasses 8,550 sq. miles Jerusalem is the capital of Israel (Atlas of the Middle East). This is where the population of Jews got their name from this city (World Regional Geography). The city is located at Latitude 31o 47 N Longitude 35o 14E (Atlas of the Middle East). It sits west of the West Bank and a short distance northwest from the Dead Sea which is the lowest point on Earth (World Regional Geography).


Landscape and Physical environment: Jerusalem itself have an elevation 2,625 feet. Nearby is the Jordan river and the arid mountains of Eastern Jordan. To the west is the coastal plains of the Mediterranean Sea (Atlas of the Middle East).


Weather and Climate: Average daily temperature in January the high is 55o low is 41o, in July the high is 88o and the low is 63o. Rainfall average monthly inches is 5.5 in January and 0 in July. It is a semiarid Mediterranean climate (Atlas of the Middle East).

Human Characteristics

Population density: Population of Jerusalem is 711,000 (Atlas of the Middle East). The population consists of Arabs, Jews, Hebrews, Israelites, and Muslims (World Regional Geography). Average life expectancy is 80.3 years (Atlas of the Middle East).


Language and Religion: Religions in Jerusalem Christianity, Muslim, Hebrew, Judaism, and Islam (World Regional Geography). Languages spoken in Jerusalem Israel are Hebrew, Arabic, English (Atlas of the Middle East), Semitic, Afro-Asiatic, Islam (World Regional Geography).


Cultural and ethnic groups: There are several different groups that make Jerusalem home. These groups are Jews, Muslims, Christians, Palestinian (World Regional Geography), Azeris, Arabs, and Hebrew (Atlas of the Middle East).

Economic Characteristics

Major economic activities of Jerusalem are tourism because of all the holy and world heritage sites, diamond cutting, electronic equipment, wood, furniture, paper and printing, textiles, and service-based industries (Atlas of the Middle East). Other economic areas of interest in Jerusalem and the surrounding areas of Israel is oil (World Regional Geography).


Imports and Exports: Israel is a major exporter of oil, high technology industries, processing and sale of diamonds (World Regional Geography), electrical machinery and equipment, computer equipment, and chemicals such as pot ash and phosphates. Merchandise exports for Israel totaled $42.7 billion USD (Atlas of the Middle East).


Major imports are FDI from Jews and Jewish organizations around the world (World Regional Geography). Major imports are grain, raw materials, and military equipment that totaled $47.1 billion USD (Atlas of the Middle East).


GNP: For Israel is $25,800 per capita.


Hobbs, Joseph J. World Regional Geography. Cengage Learning, Inc, 2015.


Atlas of the Middle East. Second ed., National Geographic, 2008.


Submitted by (Cory Lewis) on (4/13/2019).